Knowing the right first aid to deliver at the right moment can be the difference between saving a life and not being able to. Sometimes, in moments of emergency like this, people may just freeze or get rooted to the spot, scared and not knowing what they should do. However, if you have been trained in first aid you will know what you should do and should avoid as well. Here are 10 critical first aid tips that you should know whether you are at home, on the move or in your workplace.
In the case of minor burns
If you are treating a first degree burn or a small second degree burn usually confined to an area that is smaller than 3 inches, you should start by cooling the damaged skin, by the process of running it under cool water for at least 10 minutes. You should stay away from ice or very cold water however.
For cuts and scrapes
First use gentle pressure to contain the bleeding. If the bleeding has not stopped or slowed down after about 20 to 30 minutes, you should be on your way to meet a doctor. Clean the scrape with water, avoid getting soap inside an open wound. Next apply an antibiotic such as Neosporin and cover with a bandage.
In case of heat exhaustion
Get the individual away from the heat immediately and lay them down with their hands and feet elevated. Give them fluids and place a cool cloth on their forehead or on the back of their neck. Make sure that you monitor the symptoms to ensure heat exhaustion does not extend into a heat stroke. If you notice fainting, confusion or high fever seek medical attention immediately.
In the case of bee stings
According to trusted first aid tips, if there is no allergy that you should contend with, you will need to immediately remove the stinger and apply a cold pack or a cloth to reduce the amount of swelling. You should also think about having a hydrocortisone or lidocaine cream that can help to alleviate pain and itching.
In case of a sprained ligament
Sprains can be rather painful but they are usually minor and can be quickly and easily tended to without the need to rush to the emergency room. The first step will be to avoid putting any weight or using the affected limb. You can also use the first aid tips known as RICE; rest, ice, compression and elevation throughout the day to reduce pain, discomfort and swelling and to encourage the healing process.
In the event of minor accidents
Have a well-stocked first aid kit and be prepared always. This will save you all that time you otherwise have to spend on going to the store. Clean the area and stop the bleeding and apply a medication that will prevent infection like Neosporin, Betadine or the likes.
Lean the injured individual forward, never backwards. Pinch their nose just below the bridge. Do not pinch the nostrils close. Check for five minutes to see if the bleeding has stopped, if not continue the pinching. Apply a cold pack to the bridge of the nose while pinching.
To remove a splinter
Removing a splinter is tricky. It depends on deep the splinter is, if there is any bleeding, if the splinter prick is old and has been infected, whether you can actually remove it or not and what type of foreign matter it is – a thorn or animal spine which is organic or a piece of glass or a nail. You may also have to consider getting a tetanus toxoid shot in such cases. You should read here to find out how slinter removal can be done at home.
If there is sudden nausea you need to first know what is causing it. After this you need to advise deep and slow breathing and then give them some ginger or lime, both of which can stop the feeling of nausea and that funny taste in their mouths. You can also use a medication that stops nausea.
Now this is a serious condition that requires careful training and precision on first aid to handle. Keep in mind that you must take the person to the doctor immediately or call in the emergency ambulance services, whatever first aid will have to be administered until their arrival.
These 10 first aid tips are critical and can potentially help you save a life, stop an infection and relieve pain. If you want to learn more, contact us on [email protected] and get your training from us.